What are Catch Shares? - SaltwaterCentral.Com

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Capt_Dave
Posts: 12331
Location: Cape Fear, NC
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Sun Jan 23, 2011 8:49 pm
The Draft NOAA Catch Share Policy (2010) states: ―Catch share‖ is a general term for several management strategies that allocate a specific portion of the total allowable fishery catch to individuals, cooperatives, communities, or other entities. Each recipient of a catch share is directly accountable to stop fishing when its specific quota is reached. The term includes specific programs defined in Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (Magnuson-Stevens Act) such as ―limited access privilege‖ (LAP) and ―individual fishing quota‖ (IFQ) programs and other exclusive allocation measures such as ―Territorial Use Rights Fisheries‖ (TURFs) that grant exclusive privilege to fish in a geographically designated fishing ground.
A catch share program differs from traditional fishery management by dividing the total allowable catch (TAC) of a fishery into shares. These shares are typically allocated based on historical participation in the fishery. They may be assigned to individuals, cooperatives, communities or other entities, who would be allowed to fish up to their assigned limit. Catch share participants agree to stop fishing when they’ve landed their portion of the catch. While LAP programs including IFQs, ITQs, community quota and regional fishing associations, and cooperatives have been discussed by the Council and fishermen’s exploratory workgroups; TURFs have not. As stated above, TURFs grant an exclusive privilege to fish in a geographically designated fishing ground. This type of management has been considered mostly for sedentary species but can be applied to mobile species (especially migratory species) if boundaries can be established and individuals can be excluded from another’s area identified by those boundaries.
If a catch share program is designed and implemented for one or more snapper grouper fish stocks, specific criteria for eligibility to participate in the program would need to be designed. These elements include criteria for determining initial allocation of catch shares, a cap on catch share ownership by an individual or corporation, and an appeals process. If properly designed, a catch share program could result in increased flexibility, financial stability, economic profitability, improved vessel safety, and greater likelihood that overfishing is prevented and rebuilding of overfished stocks occurs. However, the Council needs to consider any possible drawbacks of catch share programs as well, especially the possibility of decreased fishing opportunities for those fishermen, who may target snapper grouper species occasionally or those who wish to enter the fishery in the future.

Source....

http://www.safmc.net/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=WY0AxCoUX6A%3d&tabid=624
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Matador
Posts: 4196
Location: Johnston County, NC
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Mon Jan 24, 2011 7:34 am
Dave, the second sentence of the third paragraph is also the out-line for energy cap and trade which has not passed yet because they know Americans will unnecessarily suffer due to rising costs. Very similar to the suffering currently occurring where Catch Shares has initially been implemented.
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Capt_Dave
Posts: 12331
Location: Cape Fear, NC
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Mon Jan 24, 2011 8:44 am
At its March 2010 meeting, the Council approved a motion to develop an options paper for catch share programs for some species in its Snapper Grouper FMP. The motion stated: ―Amendment 21 is to include trip limit actions; effort and participation reduction and endorsement actions; catch share actions for quota species (except snowy grouper): vermilion snapper, golden tilefish, black sea bass, gag, greater amberjack, red grouper, and black grouper; ITQ, cooperative, Regional Fishing Associations (RFA) and Community Development Quota (CDQ) programs, and regional and state by state quotas.‖
The Draft NOAA Catch Share Policy (2010) states: ―Catch share‖ is a general term for several management strategies that allocate a specific portion of the total allowable fishery catch to individuals, cooperatives, communities, or other entities. Each recipient of a catch share is directly accountable to stop fishing when its specific quota is reached. The term includes specific programs defined in Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (Magnuson-Stevens Act) such as ―limited access privilege‖ (LAP) and ―individual fishing quota‖ (IFQ) programs and other exclusive allocation measures such as ―Territorial Use Rights Fisheries‖ (TURFs) that grant exclusive privilege to fish in a geographically designated fishing ground.
A catch share program differs from traditional fishery management by dividing the total allowable catch (TAC) of a fishery into shares. These shares are typically allocated based on historical participation in the fishery. They may be assigned to individuals, cooperatives, communities or other entities, who would be allowed to fish up to their assigned limit. Catch share participants agree to stop fishing when they’ve landed their portion of the catch. While LAP programs including IFQs, ITQs, community quota and regional fishing associations, and cooperatives have been discussed by the Council and fishermen’s exploratory workgroups; TURFs have not. As stated above, TURFs grant an exclusive privilege to fish in a geographically designated fishing ground. This type of management has been considered mostly for sedentary species but can be applied to mobile species (especially migratory species) if boundaries can be established and individuals can be excluded from another’s area identified by those boundaries.
If a catch share program is designed and implemented for one or more snapper grouper fish stocks, specific criteria for eligibility to participate in the program would need to be designed. These elements include criteria for determining initial allocation of catch shares, a cap on catch share ownership by an individual or corporation, and an appeals process. If properly designed, a catch share program could result in increased flexibility, financial stability, economic profitability, improved vessel safety, and greater likelihood that overfishing is prevented and rebuilding of overfished stocks occurs. However, the Council needs to consider any possible drawbacks of catch share programs as well, especially the possibility of decreased fishing opportunities for those fishermen, who may target snapper grouper species occasionally or those who wish to enter the fishery in the future.
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nbk8b6r
Posts: 304
Location: Charlotte/Wilmington
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Mon Jan 24, 2011 1:26 pm
This is unbelievable intrusion of government regulation and the take over of a public resource for the benefit of government controlled special interests. The hunting system works well (bag limits by species). I can't believe this is happening in the USA.  
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Squid Row
Posts: 4299
Location: 212 Miles too far to the West
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Mon Jan 24, 2011 1:38 pm
The government by way of catch shares, seizes the resource then sells it to the highest bidder

Since when does the US Government OWN THE PUBLIC RESOURCE?

Manage, yes. Own, HELL NO!
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Sobachka
Posts: 226
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Tue Jan 25, 2011 10:22 am
On the surface, and not understanding all the lawyereze, here is what I object to:

It seems to me that this program punishes fishermen who work hardest, longest and under the harshest conditions as well as those who have earned the highest knowledge through experience and made investments in the best gear/vessels/reputations/advertising etc.

Meanwhile it rewards those who are not as competitive for whatever reasons.

--------------------
As far as the government "owning" the resource, somehow, we have lost sight of the fact that "We, the people," ARE the government. Just like WE own the radio frequency airwaves and license them to commercial broadcasters, WE "own" all the fish and water and crabs and shrimp etc around the US. I don't see this as outrageous or unbelievable. I don't even see it as subversive. The people pushing these policies probably truly believe they are doing the right thing and I don't question their motives or intent.

However, based on what little understanding I have of the subject, I do question their conclusions and their advisors on the subject of wildlife management.

Here's my long winded point. The only way to battle this is through reasoned opposition. "We the people" need to explain to "Them, the government" why they are wrong. We need to prove it with science and back it with up voters.

Its easy to get angry and raise hell about stuff with which we disagree. I know because I have done it for years. It is much more difficult to approach issues calmly and rationally, so that everyone feels like they have had their say. But as always in life, you get what you pay for, anger receives anger while reason gets results.

I really believe the country has absorbed all of the shouting at one another it can handle. Just my opinion.

Everybody has a stake in this thing and believes in their approach. The problem is that everyone can't be right at the same time. The key is getting them to understand why we disagree and a big part of that is truly understanding their point of view.

Last thought ... Compromise means giving up something you want for something you want more.
  
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Squid Row
Posts: 4299
Location: 212 Miles too far to the West
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Tue Jan 25, 2011 10:43 am
If we the people own the fish, why is they the government (not great grammar on my part, sorry) trying to force we the people into buying the fish from they the government?
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Back-Lash
Posts: 3028
Location: Sneads Ferry NC
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Tue Jan 25, 2011 11:18 am
We The People may own it ! But tell that to the Goverment!

Oh their answer will be That is not their Job !
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nbk8b6r
Posts: 304
Location: Charlotte/Wilmington
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Tue Jan 25, 2011 11:31 am
The government has a message for you:

No More Fishing Suckas!!!
  
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What are Catch Shares? - SaltwaterCentral.Com